USA to focus on domestic EV battery recycling
The US government is wrapping up a 100-day review of the country’s supply chains in key areas such as e-mobility this week. The White House is presented with reports from several federal agencies, which could be released soon. So far, everything points to increasing battery recycling capacity across the US.
US Department of Energy releases Hydrogen Program Plan
The US Department of Energy (DOE) released its Hydrogen Program Plan to provide a strategic framework for the Department’s hydrogen research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) activities. In transport, the Hydrogen Plan focuses on hard-to-decarbonise sectors such as aviation, heavy-duty transport and marine applications.
Magna working on next gen electric motor
In the USA, Magna is now working with the Illinois Institute of Technology and the University of Wisconsin-Madison to develop an electric motor with a significantly higher power density and lower costs. The project is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.
Delta working on 400 kW HPC with partners
Delta Electronics is working on a project to develop an Extreme Fast Charger (XFC) with a solid-state transformer with capacities up to 400 kW. The project is supported by the US government for a three-year research period, and is being conducted in cooperation with General Motors.
Wireless charging for Kia Soul EV
Kia America Technical Center, Inc. (HATCI) and Mojo Mobility have completed a three-year project to develop a wireless fast-charging system on a test fleet of Kia Soul EVs. The project claims 85% efficiency when charging with up to 10kW.
Blue Bird electric school buses now fully certified
US bus maker Blue Bird has received all required certifications for its electric school buses which are now in pre-production. The company also opened the order books and their EVs qualify for grants available in California and New York respectively.
Mercedes, DoE, GM, Volvo, Ricardo.
Mercedes strengthens EV activities at home: After an intense struggle between Daimler’s management and the works council, the Untertürkheim site will become home to Mercedes’ fourth battery production as well as a hotspot for electric drives and components with more than 250 jobs to be generated. Apart from batteries, the agreement includes assemblage of powertrain modules for EVs of the EQ brand and the creation of a “project house eATS” in order to gain additional know-how for the next-gen electric drive systems. Finally, the ‘E-Technikum‘ agreed on in the first stage of negotiations, shall significantly expand to form a competence centre for electric mobility.
greencarcongress.com, europe.autonews.com, media.daimler.com
The DoE raises 19.4m dollars to support 22 research projects, among them activities of Mercedes-Benz and GM. Both look into Li-sulfur batteries. Key topics are advanced battery tech, lightweight materials, engine emission control technologies and energy efficient mobility systems (EEMS).
Hybrid wheel loader by Volvo: Supported by the California Energy Commission, Volvo presented a prototype of its LX1 hybrid wheel loader that shall have 50% better fuel efficiency while doing the work of an even larger wheel loader. The new model couples a much smaller diesel engine (3 litre instead of 13 litre) with electric motors and hydraulics and a battery energy storage system.
Ricardo’s new EV battery control tech: The British supplier draws attention to its new BMS for EVs that is said to be adaptable to a broad range of applications. Partly developed in the frame of a Li-sulfur project, the BMS shall optimise the performance of cell chemistries.
Global Power Synergy, Tesla, DOE, BASF, VW.
Petrol dollars for battery factory: Thai oil company PTT sends his subsidiary Global Power Synergy (GPSC) to erect a plant for battery production in Thailand by next year. A technology has been found already as GPSC signed a license agreement with 24M, an A123 spin-off, for their semi-solid electrolyte technology. GPSC thus has the copyright to produce Li-ion batteries in Thailand and Asean countries and hopes to utilise them as back up storage for energy from renewables. However, talks have been held with both Tesla and GM regarding battery back up for their vehicles allegedly.
Tesla delivers details for its solar tiles and says one square foot (0.09 sqm) cost about 22 dollars on average – less than conventional PV systems and including battery backup. Installations are lined up this summer in the States, but clients overseas will have to wait until next year.
bloomberg.com, tesla.com (cost calculator)
Nanoparticles improve fuel cells: Researchers at the DOE’s Ames Laboratory started to make smaller, more efficient intermetallic nanoparticles which also use less platinum for fuel cells. The trick lies in the surface-to-volume ratio and some added zinc.
Applications are open for the ‘Science Award Electrochemistry’ from BASF and VW. The award is worth 100,000 euros in total with 40,000 for the winner alone. Researchers may apply until August 18.
Apply via basf.com
Departement of Energy.
In the USA 58% of EVs are SUVs and large cars, the DoE finds for the past year. While electric drivers seem to like it big, PHEV purchasers preferred compact (42%) and midsize cars (40%).
DoE, UC Riverside, Efficient Drivetrains & Ford, Sandia National Lab.
20m dollars for fuel cell research will be spent by the DoE on ten projects in the States concerning fuel cell and hydrogen technologies. Furthermore, the energy department has published its latest “Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report 2014″ online.
greencarcongress.com, energy.gov (download report as pdf)
Mushroom battery: Scientists at University of California Riverside found a natural graphite substitute for battery anodes: Portabello mushroom skin. It is porous and also contain high amounts of potassium salt. The research might eventually lead to cheaper and more efficient batteries.
Hybrid deal: Efficient Drivetrains (EDI) and Ford entered into a license agreement for hybrid vehicle patents. Some of the patents are owned by the University of California-Davis and include the work of Dr. Andrew A. Frank, who is also a founder of EDI.
H2 production: A team from Sandia National Lab boosts hydrogen production activity four-fold by replacing platin in catalysts with molybdenum disulfide, Molly in short. The process decreases the cost of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) as Molly is a low-cost catalyst in solar-driven water splitting.
– Feedback –
Most clicked link on Tuesday was the show race in Japan serving Tesla to present a rather rough side of the Model S – slide on the wild side.
DOE, Brembo, Enevate, Samsung SDI.
Millions for progress in EV technology: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded nearly 55m dollars to 24 projects to develop innovative vehicle technologies. 16 projects are part of the “EV Everywhere Grand Challenge,” aiming to reduce the price and improve the efficiency of plug-in electric vehicles.
greencarcongress.com, ngtnews.com, manufacturing.net, energy.gov
Brembo traction for EVs: Brembo presented their concept for autonomous vehicles at the IAA in Frankfurt. It comes with four in-wheel permanent magnet electric motors and light-weight brakes. The controller will coordinate traction and regeneration, resulting in high efficiency. Brembo participates in the EU-LIVE project (Efficient Urban Light Vehicles).
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Enevate secures funding: California-based company Enevate announced that it raised 30m dollars to bring its next-generation Li-ion batteries into volume production. Enevate claims its silicon-dominant composite anodes for rechargeable Li-ion polymer batteries increase energy density by 25 to 50 percent over conventional graphite anode cells.
Samsung batteries for Bentley: Volkswagen named Samsung SDI as the supplier of batteries for the new Bentley Bentayga, the carmaker’s first plug-in hybrid luxury SUV. Samsung is in competition with LG in this market, but declined to comment on any customers.
DoE, rare earth, BMW, Hyundai.
11m dollars in funding is what the U.S. Department of Energy is offering for the electrification of medium- and heavy-duty vehicle powertrains. Both electric and hybrid vehicle projects will be considered, as long as they decrease fuel consumption by at least 50 percent compared to conventional vehicles.
Cheaper rare earth: Two years after China had to give in to the WTO and waive export regulations restricting the trade of rare earth minerals (we reported), prices fell by about 50 percent. While one ton cost an average of 25,600 dollars in 2013, it now sells for 12,100 dollars/ton.
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TÜV SÜD is playing a key role in developing the new batteries with its global network of battery testing centres. Electromobility will be one of numerous focal subjects for the international service provider’s presence at the 2015 IAA, held from 17 – 27 September in Frankfurt / Main. Further subjects addressed by TÜV SÜD at the trade show will include automated driving, damage management services and services related to vehicle development. Visit us – also here www.tuev-sued.de/car-vehicles/iaa
New BMW Lightweight centre: The German manufacturer has laid the foundation for its new Lightweight Design Center at BMW’s Landshut site. By 2016, about 160 engineers will research new materials that will also be used in the i-series. BMW will invest 20m euros (22m dollars) in the R&D facility.
Cheaper FCV: Hyundai has developed its own membrane electrode assembly after ten years of research. The company thus no longer needs to import the core component of fuel cells. The new membrane is said to be stronger, more durable and cheaper than the previously imported MEA.
Siemens & FreeWire, Tanger & ChargePoint, Hesperange, DoE.
Free wired: Siemens and FreeWire partner to ultimately commercialise the Mobi Charger. It features 2nd life on-board batteries and Siemens’ eCar Operation Center VersiCharge technology. A three month pilot will run at LinkedIn’s Mountain View campus.
Shop and Charge: Tanger Factory Outlet Centers teamed up with ChargePoint in the U.S. to install EV charging stations at 23 of its 46 designer outlets. The first 18 locations have been equipped and another five are currently under construction. Solar arrays will be installed as well.
Communal mobility: Hesperange in Luxembourg now offers 18 electric bikes and 4 BMW i3 for rent to tourists and locals alike. The cars can be picked up at stations around the city. Subscriptions range from annual to payment by the hour for pedelecs (2 euros) or per minute (0.35 euros) for an electric car.
Electric CV funding: The U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) will release funding for drivetrain electrification for commercial vehicles and dual fuel fleet demonstration. So far, the DOE only stated their intent, in order to enable possible project partners to prepare. The FOA will be issued in August.
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DoE, Carnegie Mellon University, Sealander, Panasonic Electric.
Asia vs America: The U.S. has a chance to tackle Asian dominance in the battery industry, a report by the DOE’s Clean Energy Manufacturing Analysis Center (CEMAC) found. American industry could take a market share of 32% if its realises its potential, i.e. through projects like the Gigafactory and in the area of electrodes and other processed materials.
energy.gov (report) via chargedevs.com
It depends on where you are, if you wish to determine CO2 emissions of either a Nissan Leaf, Chevy Volt or Toyota Prius a study by Carnegie Mellon University suggests. Researchers made a range of assumptions for regional boundaries of analysis, electricity emission factors, and charging patterns that go beyond the electricity mix alone.
greencarcongress.com, huffingtonpost.com, greencarcongress.com (policy brief)
Sea and land camper: The Sealander is an innovative caravan that serves as a trailer on land and turns into an electric (mini) yacht on water. Built and designed in Germany, pricing for the 4-metre mobile home start at 17,990 euros plus an electric motor with either 3 or 6 hp and a choice of two batteries.
luxus.welt.de (in German), sealander.de (website in English)
Versatile high voltage relais: Panasonic Electric launched the HES relay, designed for applications of up to 35A/277V AC, such as charging stations. It is compact and through the large contact gap (3mm) combined with rapid opening of the contacts high DC loads up to 220V/10A can be handled reliably.
Daimler, Ballard Power Systems, Evolute Drives, DoE.
Daimler readies its power packs: The German carmaker is now taking orders for its stationary batteries for home use. Reservations can be placed without obligation via Accumotive with deliveries scheduled to start from September this year.
greencarcongress.com, schlauerspeichern.de (reservation, in German)
Fuel cell module exclusively for China trams: Ballard Power Systems has signed an agreement with Chinese Tangshan Railway Vehicle Company (TRC). It will see Ballard develop a new fuel cell module specifically for TRC’s trams in China. A prototype shall be up and running by 2016.
Funding wanted: Evolute Drives, a sister company of Drive System Design (DSD), is now looking for investors to help fund the commercialisation of its MSYS multi-speed transmission system for hybrids and electric vehicles. It is said to provide EVs with up to 15% more range (we reported).
Funding granted: The US Department of Energy (DOE) has chosen 162 projects, which are to receive 26.6 million dollars in the 2015 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Awards. Among them are projects developing batteries while two are hydrogen related.
– Feedback –
Most clicked link on Wednesday was our news on Volvo’s first fully electric bus.
Chargemaster, Streez, DOE + EEI, Mitsubishi, Endesa, Great River Energy.
In case of fire: Chargemaster has completed the installation of 156 charge points for the London Fire Brigade. The chargers can be found at 71 fire stations and 5 other sites across the British capital, even though the Brigade so far only operates 5 electric cars.
Electric ride sharing: Swiss Streez will introduce a new kind of chauffeur service in December, using with female drivers only. First customers will be businesses only, but the fleet of 20 Tesla Model S and 20 BYD EVs will soon to be extended to private customers looking for a shared ride. If the start in Zurich is a success, other cities might soon become a member in the ‘Club of Streez,’ too.
aargauerzeitung.ch (in German)
EV partners: The Department of Energy (DOE) and Edison Electric Institute (EEI) plan to increase EV acceptance. Measures include research, infrastructure and consultancy. Furthermore, EEI says its fleet electrification efforts will total 90 million dollars spend on 800 PHEV and 740 charge points this year.
V2G charging station: Mitsubishi and Endesa showcase their bi-directional charging station at the InterSolar Europe. The Spanish utility only recently announced its partnership with Nissan for the distribution of V2G charging equipment. Furthermore, Mitsubishi said it would introduce a prepaid card for charging stations by German utility RWE.
saving-volt.de (in German)
Rejoicing on renewables: Minnesota’s utility provider Great River Energy allows customers to charge their PHEV with wind power – free of charge. The service is part of the new ‘Revolt’ programme, aimed at encouraging people to buy or lease electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles.
Siemens, ABB, DoE, Rutgers University.
Light-weight electric motor for planes: Siemens has developed a 50-kilo electric drive for aircrafts. With 260 kW output, its power-to-weight ratio of 5 kW/kg makes it suitable to drive propellers of larger aircrafts (up to 2 tons at take-off). Siemens is planning to start flight-testing already this year.
New electric drive for ships: ABB introduced the Azipod D, a new electric propulsion system that caters for a larger range of vessels. It gives designers and ship builders increased design flexibility. Power ranges from 1.6 to 7 MW per unit.
The DoE is handing out funds to small business. Three Office of Science projects concentrate on hydrogen production from electrolysis and hydrogen systems for FCEVs. In total, 94 projects will receive about 96 million dollars in funding. The three H2 projects are to receive about a million dollars each.
Non-noble catalyst: Researchers at Rutgers University have developed a new noble metal-free catalyst using nickel-5 and phosphide-4. The catalyst is said to perform as well as platinum for the hydrogen evolution reaction in both strong acid and base.
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Most clicked link on Tuesday was the Jinma JMW2200, a micro EV from China that looks a lot like BMW’s i3.
UK, Electric Highway, Budapest, DoE, Oregon.
British government plugs in: The UK government yesterday announced the purchase of 140 ultra-low emission vehicles as part of a five million pound investment scheme. The all-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles will be used by 15 government departments and agencies.
Electric Highway update: Operator Ecotricity announced that the about 50 AC chargers currently out of order will be serviced in the coming months. Ecotricity also plans on doubling charge points at current locations and expanding along “A-routes.” Moreover, the company is working on an app to show the availability of chargers in real-time.
E-bus in Hungary: An eight metre long electric bus by Hungarian manufacturer Evopro has gone into service in Budapest. It is still a prototype called Medio Electric and is a first step toward the country’s goal of becoming a leader in the electric bus market in Central Europe.
DoE funds EV acceptance: The U.S. Department of Energy earmarked 6 million dollars for a total of 11 projects aimed at improving potential buyers’ experiences with alternative fuel and plug-in electric vehicles. The so-called Clean Cities programme will focus on the areas of “on-the-road demonstrations, safety-related training, and emergency preparedness.”
EV drivers asked to loosen purse strings: Starting in July, Oregon will become the first state in the U.S. to collect road fees based on miles driven instead of a state tax added to petrol prices. The reason is the increasing number of electric and hybrid vehicles on the road that will now have to pay up as well.
Suzuki, Softcar, DoE, Shimano.
Suzuki hybridises, mildly: The Japanese showed two concepts in Geneva. The iK-2 is said to sit just above the Swift while the iM-4 is a mini SUV measuring less than four metres. Both feature a mild-hybrid system called SHVS. The iK-2 however, might soon be offered as a petrol-electric hybrid.
autoexpress.co.uk, indianautosblog.com (iK-2), indianautosblog.com (iM-4)
Recyclable electric racer: Swiss Softcar shows the Aventor at the Geneva Motor Show. The electric race car is made of fully recyclable materials. On top of it, it is extra light as the three-wheeler weighs only 280 kilos, the four-wheeled version adds another 70 kg (350 kg in total.)
35 million dollars for fuel cells: The US Department for Energy (DoE) has readied to grant another 35 million dollars for fuel cell and hydrogen projects. Eligible is anything from research and development schemes to demonstration and deployment projects for fuel cell technology and hydrogen infrastructure.
Shimano’s next STEP: The Japanese updated their pedelec system. The second generation of the Step e-bike group will feature full automatic shifting, faster charging on and off the bike, and now also comes in matte black. While not confirmed, new product pictures also show a battery claiming 500 Wh capacity instead of the previous 418 Wh.
bike-eu.com, elektrobike-online.com (battery in German)
– Feedback –
Most clicked link on Thursday was the Chinese answer to Tesla, the Aoxin Ibis.
Swatch, DoE, SCE France, Infineon.
Swatch-made EV battery? According to Swatch CEO Nick Heyek, the watch maker and its subsidiary Belenos Clean Power want to start selling batteries for EVs within the next three to four years. In collaboration with the Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH), Belenos Clean Power has allegedly developed batteries with an energy storage capacity 50 to 100 percent higher than that of currently available batteries. No technical details on how this new battery technology works were revealed yet.
i4u.com, news24.com; hebdo.ch (in French)
DoE funds hydrogen fuel cells: The Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) has earmarked a total of 10 million dollars for a total of 11 projects that will drive innovations and address critical challenges and barriers in the fields of hydrogen and fuel cell technology.
New battery researcher: Hydro-Québec and the French Aquitaine Regional Council have founded the subsidy SCE France. The latter will focus on research and technology transfer in the Aquitaine region to develop lithium-iron-phosphate-based batteries and carry out research on new battery technologies that use advanced materials.
New Infineon IGBTs: Infineon is sampling a new family of 650V IGBTs for fast switching automotive applications. The Trenchstop 5 Auto IGBTs are said to reduce power losses and improve reliability in EV and HEV applications such as on-board charging, PFC, DC/DC and DC/AC conversion.
– Feedback –
Most clicked link on Thursday was the video about the “leaked” details of Apple’s iCar, which also explains why the EV never crashes.
E-Car333, DoE, California, Lithium iron phosphate batteries.
EV from Belgium: The E-Car333 by Xavier Van Der Stappen is manufactured in Belgium and made only out recycled materials. The three-wheeler is said to have a 300 km range and become available in 2016. The starting price is set at 20,000 euros (22,400 dollars).
nieuwsblad.be, ecar333.be (in Dutch), grenzecho.net (in German)
DoE increases investments: The U.S. Department of Energy says it earmarked 55.8 million dollars in funding for “cutting-edge vehicle technologies” such as better batteries and alternative drivetrains. Another 35 million dollars have been reserved for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.
autoblog.com, greencarcongress.com, greencarcongress.com (fuel cell)
New research centre: The California Energy Commission will allocate 1.2 million dollars for a new facility that will research alternative fuels and vehicle technologies. The proposed center must be open to the public and must support local agencies and businesses.
Growth market: According to TechNavio analysts, the worldwide market for lithium iron phosphate batteries will grow up to 20 percent anually until 2019. The driving force is a growing demand from China.
reportbuyer.com via consumerelectronicsnet.com
Toyota, DoE, Kandi, Solaris, POD Point, Tower Leasing, Brussels.
EV vandalism: Toyota’s i-Road sharing scheme in French Grenoble is suffering from setbacks, Bloomberg reports. Recurring vandalism has slowed down the introduction of the electric three-wheelers which were supposed to be guarded by surveillance cameras promised by the Socialists. Since the Green party has been elected together with the far-left, public support for the project has vanished.
U.S. charging patterns: The U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) has published a new report on EV charging behaviour. The data was gathered by six utility providers monitoring public and home charging stations. Charging patterns show sessions rarely last longer than four hours and take place at home during off-peak hours. Public chargers served mainly to top-up during peak times.
Electric car-sharing expands rapidly: Kandi says it has delivered no less than 14,398 electric cars for its EV sharing program in nine Chinese cities. Hanzhou made the start with 9,852 EVs and was soon followed by Chengdu (1,020), Guangzhou (700), Shanghai (686), Wuhan (612), Changzhou (500), Changsha (388), Nanjing (340), and Rugao (300). Happy sharing!
Follow up: Solaris is to develop an extra-long electric bus together with Polish universities (we reported). Green Car Reports now has all the information on the Solaris Urbino 24 Electric concept in English.
Lease a charge point: POD Point together with Tower Leasing is offering businesses charge points to lease for about 50 pounds (75 dollars) a month over 3 years. Charging is pay-as-you-go.
Leaf taxis in Belgium: 12 Nissan Leafs already serve as cabs in Brussels since last September and receive positive feedback by the various operators. Nissan hopes to increase the number of Leaf cabs soon.
nissan-corse.com (in French)
Elon Musk, Fuel Cell reports, Events.
Video tip: German Auto Bild has interviewed Elon Musk. He says that he plans on replicating (and electrifying) the submarine James Bond Lotus, explains why he once told a NASA employee “I love you,” and tells, that he will never leave Tesla, but “may not be the CEO forever”.
youtube.com (video); hybridcars.com (written excerpts)
Download tip: The U.S. Department of Energy has published its newest “Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report,” listing hybrid and fuel cell technology trends. Another publication from the Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) outlines individual funded projects.
energy.gov (PDF), hydrogen.energy.gov (individual projects)
Events for the upcoming week: International e-Bus Conference (Nov 17-18; Hamburg, Germany) ++ Smart City Expo World Congress (Nov 18-20; Barcelona, Spain) ++ Urban Future Global Conference (Nov 18-19; Graz, Austria) ++ Supercapacitors USA (Nov 19-20; Santa Clara, USA) ++ Guangzhou Motor Show (Nov 20-29; Guangzhou, China) ++ LA Auto Show (Nov 21-30; Los Angeles, USA) ++ FIA Formula E Championship, Round 2 (Nov 22; Putrajaya, Malaysia)
You can find a complete list of upcoming industry events at electrive.com/calendar
Voltec, Zelectric Motors, DoE, AMP Electric Vehicles, Hyundai Mobis.
Tech details on the new Volt drivetrain: According to GM, the new drive unit will be 45 kilos lighter and up to 12 percent more efficient than the one used for the current model. The battery pack contains 192 cells instead of 288, making the unit 13.6 kilos lighter, but offering more capacity than its predecessor.
Bug with plug: Zelectric Motors from San Diego presented another electrified version of the VW classic, called the ’66 ZelectricBug. As the name suggests, this model was originally build in 1966. The electrified version has a top speed of 100 miles, a range of 80 miles, and a price tag of 45,000 dollars.
youtube.com via hybridcars.com
H2 competition: U.S. Department of Energy and Hydrogen Education Foundation announced the one million dollar “H2 Refuel H-Prize”. The two-year competition challenges America’s engineers and entrepreneurs to develop affordable systems for small-scale hydrogen fueling.
Delivery by truck and drone: AMP Electric Vehicles developed the electric delivery truck “Workhorse” based on vehicles used by FedEx and UPS. In combination with its drone “HorseFly,” AMP wants to offer a complete delivery system. Some delivery companies have supposedly already shown interest.
BMS from Korea: Hyundai Mobis has developed a new battery management system supposed to increase the efficiency of electric vehicles, since every cell is connected to a sensor. Serial production, however, will only be possible in two years’ time.
– Feedback –
Most clicked link on Wednesday was Chinese manufacturer BYD that recently presented its charging solutions for electric cars and buses.
Renovo, U.S. Department of Energy, General Motors, Tesla.
Renovo Coupé revealed at Pebble Beach: Powered by a 500 hp electric motor, the sports car can go from 0 to 100 kph in just 3.4 seconds. Its body is that of a Shelby SCX9000 Daytona. It has a top speed of 193 kph and a 100-mile range. The EV will go into limited production in the U.S. next year, with initial sales targeted for California.
green.autoblog.com, electricautosport.com , vimeo.com (Video)
U.S. sponsors fuel-efficiency research: The U.S. Department of Energy will award a total of 55 million dollars to 31 research projects of plug-in and fuel-efficient technologies. The largest single award (10m dollars) goes to further developing the Gasoline Direct-Injection Compression Ignition (GDCI) technology from Delphi. But nine projects concern the use of Li-ion batteries.
After Volt comes Bolt? GM has filled a trademark application for the name, though what will become of it is still a unknown. Hybrid Cars says it has seen reports that the Bolt would be a cheaper version of the Chevy Volt, featuring a smaller battery pack. If a Chevy Bolt will ever roll of production line remains to be seen.
Tesla upgrades warranty: Just like the EV’s battery pack, the drivetrain of the Tesla Model S is now covered by an eight-year ‘infinite mileage’ warranty. Moreover, it applies not only to new models, but retroactively to all Model S. How customers who already paid for an extended warranty will benefit from the upgrade is still in the works.