Chinese province of Hainan sets combustion vehicle exit in 2030
Hainan is the first province in China to set a phase-out date for pure combustion vehicles. The island is China’s southernmost province and has now announced that it will ban the sale of combustion vehicles from 2030.
From then on, only New Energy Vehicles (BEVs, PHEVs and FCEVs) are to be newly registered – but with plug-in hybrids, vehicles that are at least partially powered by an internal combustion engine could still hit the roads of Hainan. According to the reports, the documents do not specify whether these should be purely electrically powered vehicles – i.e. BEV and FCEV. The definition of New Energy Vehicles commonly used in China includes PHEVs.
The goal is for 45 per cent of the vehicles in Hainan’s fleet to be electric by that time. To support the conversion, the Hainan government plans to massively expand the charging infrastructure by 2025. Specifically, the target for 2025 is a ratio of 2.5:1, i.e. 2.5 NEVs per charging point. The policy obviously assumes an enormous number of private charging points: For public charging, the ratio should be 7:1.
In the course of the plans, it is expected that the province will set up zero-emission zones for vehicles in cities. Even for parking there are to be incentives for residents to use an NEV. Areas such as city logistics, rental cars and ride-hailing services are also to be electrified.
The provincial government itself wants to set a good example: By 2030, the vehicles in the public service are to be exclusively NEVs, i.e. the entire fleet is to be converted by then. To this end, only New Energy Vehicles are to be procured in Hainan’s public service from as early as 2025. Exceptions will then only be made for special vehicles.
Hainan is the southernmost province of China. The entire province is an island in the South China Sea; for vehicles, Hainan is only connected to the mainland and Guangxi Province by ferry. More than nine million people live on Hainan.