Representatives of the EU Parliament and the EU Member States have agreed on the key points of the revised Clean Vehicles Directive and thus set binding procurement targets for zero-emission or low-emission vehicles by public authorities and public companies.
There is no official statement yet, but the usually well-informed Transport & Environment, national public procurement targets for green buses are expected to be between 24% and 45% in 2025 and between 33% and 66% in 2030, depending on a country’s population and GDP. Half of these targets must be achieved by purchasing zero-emission buses, i.e. fully electric buses. For the other half, buses powered by gas (liquid and natural gas) are also permitted.
For Germany and Sweden, for example, the revised “Clean Vehicles Directive” according to Transport & Environment means that by 2025 almost a quarter of newly procured public transport buses will have to be fully electric. There are also targets for refuse collection vehicles and other heavy commercial vehicles, of which, depending on the country, between 6% and 10% will have to drive “low-emission” by 2025 and between 7% and 15% by 2030 – although T&E does not specify exactly what this means.
The revised directive also provides targets for cars and vans procured by public authorities and public companies: Depending on the country, a share of 18.7% to 38.5% must emit less than 50 grams of CO2 per kilometer by 2025 and be completely emission-free locally by 2030. According to Euractiv, a final vote in the European Parliament is scheduled for 6 April 2019.
The “Clean Vehicles Directive” is part of EU legislation on public procurement and obliges authorities to consider the environmental and energy impacts during the entire service life of their vehicles on the basis of minimum standards. The aim is to promote the market for energy-efficient road transport vehicles and the contribution of the transport sector to the EU’s energy policy. The first version of the directive came into force in 2009, but will need to be amended following the mobility developments of recent years.