PepsiCo cites consumption of 1.1 kWh/km for Tesla Semi


PepsiCo uses 21 Tesla Semis in a bottling plant in Sacramento, California. In a video, the beverage company provided some insights into the daily logistics routine with the all-electric vehicles of the US Class 8, including statements on consumption, recuperation or the range of the Tesla truck, which is still largely unclear concerning its technical data.


In the video, which was produced by the North American Council for Freight Efficiency (NACFE), only representatives of PepsiCo and the local energy provider Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) are interviewed, while Tesla representatives do not weigh in. The EV manufacturer has delivered only a small number of its Semi electric truck, most of which have likely gone to PepsiCo.

The beverage company was the first to order the Tesla Semi about five and a half years ago. In April, PepsiCo was also the first company to present the electric truck as a fleet vehicle in its company design. Tesla started deliveries of the Semi at the beginning of December 2022. The manufacturer itself does not provide an update on its deliveries. However, Teslamag reports, with reference to a recall by the US authority NHTSA from June, that PepsiCo probably received 36 of the 100 Semis ordered so far: 15 are in operation at Frito-Lay in Modesto, California, and 21 at the primary location in Sacramento.

The camera in the NACFE video is pointed at the latter 21. It confirms that the Sacramento location has installed four Tesla chargers with a charging capacity of 750 kW each. They are supposed to allow charging to 80 per cent in less than 45 minutes. Elsewhere in the video, it is said that the Semi can charge from 5-10 per cent to 95 per cent in 20 to 30 minutes.

PepsiCo uses 18 of the 21 Tesla Semis for deliveries within a 100-mile radius (about 161 kilometres) with multiple stops – in shifts of up to twelve hours. According to Amanda DeVoe, Transformation and Strategy Director at PepsiCo, using electric vehicles for these short trips between the company’s bottling warehouse in Sacramento and delivery locations is particularly useful. However, according to Dejan Antunovic, head of the electrification programme at PepsiCo, the remaining three units will definitely be used for long distances of 250 to 450 miles (about 400 to 725 kilometres). Tesla officially says the electric truck has a range of 500 miles (over 800 kilometres) when fully loaded.

Another feature worth mentioning is the Tesla Semi’s recuperation. Antunovic says that the Tesla truck can drive energy-neutrally on the way back from the Donner Pass in the Sierra Nevada by recuperating braking energy. A concrete efficiency value also drops: the programme manager states that PepsiCo achieves an average efficiency of 1.7 kWh per mile with the Tesla Semi, the equivalent of 1.1 kWh per kilometre. The Tesla website speaks of “less than 2 kWh per mile.”

What else is known about the Tesla Semi was summarised here in December 2022. The most important confirmed news on the occasion of the delivery start in winter was that the battery can be charged with up to 1 megawatt thanks to a 1,000-volt system. Consequently, the chargers with a maximum of 750 kW would be the limiting factor in Sacramento – and not the vehicle. Like the Plaid versions of the Model S and Model X, the Tesla Semi has a drive system consisting of three electric drives, one for the most efficient constant speed and the other for acceleration. As mentioned, the truck is said to be able to go up to 500 miles on one charge, even when fully loaded.

Tesla is still not giving a price for the Semi, nor any other official details on the payload, the battery capacity, the performance of the drive system, or when large-scale production will begin. Tesla started production of the first units in October 2022. In the USA, the Semi falls into truck class 8 with a gross vehicle weight of up to 80,000 lbs (around 36.3 tonnes). Electric trucks can exceed this limit by another 2,000 pounds, which translates to 37.2 tonnes. A few months ago, Tesla stated that it had demonstrated the 500 miles mentioned above with a fully loaded, 82,000-pound Semi.

However, the tare weight (which determines the payload) remains a mystery. As the US portal Electrek explained in an earlier report, Class 8 trucks can weigh between 12,000 and 25,000 lbs (around 5.4 to 11.3 tonnes), and the payload varies accordingly.

The price of the electric truck also remains unknown. Shortly after the prototype was unveiled in 2017, Tesla quoted an “expected base price” of 150,000 dollars for the basic Semi model. At the time, $180,000 was quoted for a range-extended variant and $200,000 for the “Founders Series” version. Since then, Tesla has not commented on its price expectations.

More information on the Semi could follow in September. The organisation NACFE, which produced the video, is hosting an annual test drive called “Run on Less” – and in this year’s edition, data on the Tesla Semi will be publicly recorded for the first time.



about „PepsiCo cites consumption of 1.1 kWh/km for Tesla Semi“
Mark Smith
16.08.2023 um 15:51
There ugly as hell
Bryan Kranc
16.08.2023 um 16:35
So these electric semis burn 1.7 kWh per mile. US average household energy use is ~886 kWh per month. So every ~521 miles each of these semis moves is the equivalent of a normal households monthly energy use. Even at 50 mph, since drivers get 11 hours to drive each day, each truck becomes equivalent to 30+ households added to the power grid. Deploying this at scale seems impossible. Even with a 10 year build-out, I don't see how we can field that much power generation.
07.09.2023 um 12:01
AT WORST, by simply burning the diesel that currently power all current ICE trucks, in more efficient power plants (50-60% vs 20-30%), to produce the electricity needed. Or, in perspective in coming years by generating electricity from renewable sources that combined can potentially globally generate several times the total global energy used by today's very inefficient societies
22.08.2023 um 23:53
All semi trucks in the US drive a total of 140 billion miles per year. At 1.7 kWh/mile and 886 kWh/mo consumed by a single household, if all semis were converted to electric overnight, they would add a load equivalent to 22 million households. There are 126 million households in the US, so that would increase the load on the power grid by about 18%. But wait! There's more! The US actually consumed about 4 trillion kWh last year (only about a third of that is from households), so these semis would increase the load on the grid by only 6%. But wait! There's even more! It takes about 6 kWh to produce a gallon of gasoline (not to mention the energy burned to transport it). I'm not sure how much energy it takes to produce a gallon of diesel, but let's assume it's roughly the same as gasoline. Diesel semis get about 7 MPG, so at 140 billion miles driven per year you're looking at 20 billion gallons of diesel burned. That much fuel takes roughly 120 billion kWh of energy to produce. So we roughly halved the increase to the power grid by electric semis. That is, converting all semis to electric would increase the load to the power grid by only 3% (6% increase from charging those vehicles and 3% decrease in energy used to produce diesel). Can we increase our power generation by 3% over 10 years? That's only 0.3% per year. The US has increased its power consumption by roughly 0.54% per year since 2000, so it seems doable to me. And electric vehicles and batteries are getting more efficient each year, so the overall power consumption could conceivably go *down* if semis all become electrified over the next 10 years. Also, in the case of PepsiCo, they use solar power for a large part of their charging needs, so they don't even put a very heavy load on the power grid. Future deployments (at PepsiCo and at other companies who use semis) will likely follow suit for the cost savings alone. So that could reduce the load on the power grid even further.
Marco Avila
05.09.2023 um 20:55
Yes, it’s amazing how naysayers don’t use scientific stats and data to say EV’s won’t work. What is even more amazing is just how many of their followers get riled up by their negative outlook. They are also insulting their very own countries efforts and possible achievements on keeping up with technology and its demand on infrastructure. I just don’t get people like this.
Bob R.
28.08.2023 um 04:45
It takes approximately double the KW per mile because of how much KW it takes to make the batteries divided by the miles they will last, plus someone, somewhere, in the equation, needs to pay road tax.
Jeremiah James McKenna
19.08.2023 um 02:25
Not to mention that those numbers are extremely low, not tested by a 3rd party and we all know the multitude of variables in the real world.
zach rottmann
18.08.2023 um 16:50
Megapack. Read about the power grid stabilization efforts its incredible how this will modernize the grid
17.08.2023 um 01:07
I would like to see the real world figures as tesla has been caught lying about real world range
Jeremiah James McKenna
19.08.2023 um 02:27
Same here.
Peter Wright
17.08.2023 um 05:23
Nice ❤️ want one for my Business in 2024
James Babcock
17.08.2023 um 05:40
What I really want to hear about that no one is talking about is what the drivers think. Is driving it pleasant and drama free? Is backing into docks an issue with the central driving, how about city streets? What about Tesla's infamous build quality? is that an issue?
Jeremiah James McKenna
19.08.2023 um 02:30
I've driven tractor trailers, and backing up isn't the issue, because there are mirrors on both conventional rigs as well as the Tesla. Sitting center cab should give the operator a better view of both sides, city or highway, especially since these have cameras all over the place. Drama is always caused by the other drivers.
Alberto Velez
17.08.2023 um 08:26
I am in school for my cdl I hope I get a chance to drive a tesla semi
Kenneth Uhlman
17.08.2023 um 12:37
Need to show actual SMUD (Sacramento Municipal Utility District) bills It AIN’T $0.07 / KWHr as Tesla shows in their media clips Make sure they include: - Demand Charge - Ratchet Charges - Fuel Adjustment Fees - Renewable Energy Ruder - Dusaster Recovery Rider - All other CA fees FYI, Electrify America is $0.50 plus
Marco Avila
05.09.2023 um 20:59
Please research further and find the facts about the energy cost discounts companies like Pepsi are receiving for their chargers alone. Do you really think you know enough to blurt out that $0.07 is not what they are paying??
17.08.2023 um 17:12
The proper unit is kWh/100km. You should know this. 110kWh/100km is what should be stated in the article. This way the reference makes more sense to every one reading this that has the metric system.
18.08.2023 um 17:49
Actually the proper units are Newtons. What you are describing is the way Brussels eurocrats have decided is the most convenient way.
17.08.2023 um 23:37
I would like someone to publish how much fossil fuel is used to make these vehicles and trucks. I also would like to have an explanation on how the spent batteries are better for the environment. It doesn't seem that anyone is talking about this aspect of going electric. What pollution will come of these batteries? Seriously I would like to know.
David Turk
18.08.2023 um 02:47
You are confusing PepsiCo with Pepsi Cola. PepsiCo is the parent company of Pepsi Cola and Frito Lay. The trucks are assign to the Pepsi Cola plant. Frito Lay is not a subsidiary of the Cola Division. Frito Lay has a larger revenue stream than Pepsi Cola.
Jack Smith
18.08.2023 um 17:58
No one here seems to have much reaction to the fact that they still will not disclose the tare weight. This is kind of a big deal. If they still refuse to disclose how much the truck actually weighs, just imagine how bad it is. If it is a lot heavier then a normal semi then it will severely limit the capacity that they can haul. This is a very important spec and the article says they still have not disclosed it. I think if the weight was anywhere close to normal they would tell us how much it is.
07.09.2023 um 20:26
As an investor in EV and regular fuel companies, it strikes me as odd, how polarized people have become over the strangest things. The future doesn't belong to any single energy source. EV's have a place, as do petroleum-based solutions, as do hydrogen as do nuclear and others. In the early 1980s I met a Japanese ship crew who sailed from Japan to Bremerhaven, Germany using magnetohydrodynamic propulsion. They told me then, it would never be adopted widely because of the political environment, which is a shame. I wish people would learn that technological advancement is not a zero-sum game, and if Tesla has a great EV solution, this doesn't mean that Mercedes doesn't also (they do by the way - several large MFG companies now use Mercedes electric semis). It also doesn't mean that McClaren won't continue to make amazing petrol-fueled cars, or Toyota's hydrogen engine won't be widely adopted. Then can all fit into the marketplace and we should be excited about opportunities, not following sycophantic politicians who try and promote themselves and their bank accounts by choosing "winners" and "losers". I say Hooray for Tesla, and Mercedes, and Toyota and McClaren and anyone else who wants to risk their capital and time to advance their products.

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