Plugsurfing vouchers for EV charging from &Charge
Plugsurfing announced a cooperation with the eMobility-Startup &Charge. The app from &Charge enables customers in Germany, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands to buy online and offline from partners and receive as a bonus free “kilometers” to redeem with traction power providers.
Sygic adds electric car mode to navigation app
Slovakian navigation specialist Sygic has introduced an electric car mode to its App Sygic GPS Navigation. The new EV Mode allows route planning with compatible charging points, payment without installing an additional app and real-time data from the stations.
First charging services raise prices at Ionity HPC columns
First mobility service providers are reacting to Ionity’s new pricing model of consumption-based high power charging. MSP’s such as Deutsche Telekom and Vattenfall have excluded the automobile joint venture from its preferred and cheaper partner options, while Ionity struggles to clarify the debate.
Nissan & Plugsurfing charging app starts in Europe
The Nissan Charge App developed by Nissan and Plugsurfing enables electric car drivers to charge at over 100,000 charging points throughout Europe. The service that includes navigation and charge management first launches in Italy and Germany before successively covering other markets.
Netherlands: Kia and Plugsurfing charging cooperation
In the Netherlands, Kia is offering a new charging service to the buyers of their electric cars and plug-in hybrids. In cooperation with Plugsurfing, customers will have access to more than 47,500 charging stations in the Netherlands and more than 110,000 charging stations throughout Europe.
Plugsurfing partners with Spain’s EasyCharger
The Berlin-based Plugsurfing has entered into a cooperation with the Spanish charging point operator EasyCharger, a Nissan affiliate, to further expand the number of charging stations currently integrated into the Plugsurfing network in Spain.
Jaguar I-Pace delivered to Germany in limited volume
Jaguar has begun delivery of it’s I-Pace e-SUV to German customers. The manufacturer said there is only a limited volume of vehicles available during the first year in the German market. Additionally, Jaguar has specified the prices for their charging cooperation with Plugsurfing.
PlugSurfing adds Freshmile charge points in France
Berlin startup PlugSurfing now includes the 2,000 charging points of Freshmile in France and Germany in their portfolio. The cooperation stretches over 100 local networks and will enable electric car drivers to use their PlugSurfing RFID key widely.
Finland’s Fortum takes over PlugSurfing from Berlin
Finnish charging infrastructure operator Fortum Charge & Drive has acquired all shares of PlugSurfing and owns the company now to a 100 percent. The Berlin-based startup had specialised in unifying charging with one solution for multiple suppliers early on as it developed a particularly smart billing solution working across a range of payment systems.
Berlin, Hamburg, PlugSurfing, London, Daimler, California.
30 electric buses for Berlin: The Berlin transportation service company (BVG) intends to order 30 electric-powered buses. A call for tender is currently in preparation. Hence, the BVG’s original plan to replace diesel vehicles through CNG buses is no longer a topic.
electrive.net (in German)
EVs also to join Hamburg’s bus fleet: The port city’s agency Hamburger Hochbahn prepares to gradually add electric buses to its fleet, as announced. Since a few days, a tender for initially 30 electric-powered buses due for delivery in 2018 or 2019 has been published. Bus manufacturers can apply until November. Hochbahn intends to electrify its complete fleet, all in all 1,000 vehicles.
PlugSurfing welcomes E.On: German energy company E.On joins the PlugSurfing charging network and in a first step made 11 of its charging stations accessible for EV drivers using the PlugSurfing app and charging key. E.On was the last of the “big four” German energy companies (Vattenfall, EnBW, Innogy and E.On) to enter the network.
Police trials H2 scooters: London’s policemen are starting to test seven hydrogen-powered scooters in their daily working life. The trial covers 18 months. The scooters, type Burman Fuel Cell, are provided by Suzuki.
Daimler plans ride sharing with autonomous EVs: Mercedes-Benz Vans and U.S. start-up Via found a JV in order to launch an on-demand ride sharing service in Europe. Via already operates in New York, Chicago and Washington D.C. – first European city shall be London. Daimler intends to gradually optimise its fleet for the ride sharing purpose. This includes developing advanced software and sensors, but also the integration of electric-powered Mercedes-Benz Vito and autonomous driving.
Studies instead of subsidies: The Californian Legislature has cancelled the plan to pump another 3 billion dollars into EV subsidies. Instead the sum serves now the Air Resources Board to conduct studies on how to write and implement EV rebate legislation, with results expected in September 2019.
Car2Go, Sicilia, Korea, PlugSurfing, Allego, Ensto Chago.
All-electric car sharing in Stuttgart: Daimler’s fleet of 500 shared electric smarts in the Swabian capital will receive reinforcements by mid-April when 50 Mercedes B series Electric Drive will join. The 5-seater electric cars will be a little more expensive with 34 cent per minute, that is 5ct more than for a Smart ED. Once the EVs are added, Stuttgart’s Car2Go fleet will be the largest fully electric flexible car sharing fleet worldwide, according to Daimler.
Eco Tour di Sicilia: 200 Renault Zoe will soon roam the south of Italy during the Eco Tour di Sicilia the French carmaker launched together with car rental company Sicily by Car and utility Enel. The latter will add 400 charging stations to the offer designed to explore Sicily in a most climate-friendly manner.
Korea wants to have 1,450 fast-charging stations across the country before the year’s end and has just added another 100 over the last three months. This means there are 200 standing by now but also that the pace of installation has to accelerate to reach the energy ministry’s target.
PlugSurfing and Allego cooperate: The companies have launched a peer-to-peer connection using the Open Charge Point Interface (OCPI). EV drivers with Plugsurfing’s app can thus access real-time data from Allego stations in Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
Source: PI via email
Talking charging stations: A range of smart electric vehicle chargepoints from Ensto Chago that can communicate with each other through cloud software has been approved for support by the UK Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). The aim is to distribute energy evenly between multiple charging EV.
Canada, CharIN, Pod Point, APCOA, PlugSurfing, Iveco.
1,000 charging stations for Canada: The Northern part of the American continent strikes again as Canada’s government grants AddEnergie 7m dollars. The EV charging company will use the investment to install more than 1,000 new charging stations across Canada by 2019 and to develop the next generation of fast-charging stations as well as other innovations for home and workplace charging.
CharIN got a new member: MAN joins the Charging Interface Initiative that aims to establish CCS as the standard for charging all EVs. The truck and bus maker said it would actively take part in the standardisation effort, especially with regards to smart communication between bus depot and/or logistics centres. CharIN got more than 60 members at the moment.
Pod Point partnered with APCOA Parking to expand its network of public EV chargers. APCOA currently has 15 points at Heathrow Airport and Birmingham’s shopping centre but the cooperation is to grow the number of charge stops significantly.
PlugSurfing per QR code: Berlin-based start-up PlugSurfing launched a new feature called Scan&Charge. It enables ad-hoc charging without registration via QR code, which can be applied to any charge point. The EV driver simply needs to scan the image, select a payment method and charging starts. It allows payment by the minute or kWh.
plugsurfing.com (in English), plugsurfing.com (in French)
120 hybrid buses for Milano: Iveco won a tender of fellow Italian transport provider ATM from Milan, which wants to renew its entire fleet until 2019. Iveco will thus deliver 120 Urbanway Hybrid buses starting from June 2017. The model saves about 30% fuel.
11 electric buses for ZA: Cape Town has ordered eleven electric buses including charging equipment from BYD. Ten will go into service in the South African city by 2018, while one bus is destined on loan to Windhoek, Namibia’s capital to test if electric transport is a viable option there.
EU directive, London, Cologne, PlugSurfing, Ola.
EU calls for more chargers: Earlier reports had already suggested it, now it’s black on white. With its “winter package,” the EU published a directive calling for a place to plug in at at least 10 percent of parking spots of new commercial buildings from 2025. Residential buildings with more than ten parking stalls will be required to at least put in place the necessary wiring for EV chargers.
tagesspiegel.de (in German)
E-buses for London: Mayor Sadiq Khan announced that all new single-deck buses purchased for the city centre after 2018 will be all-electric. Moreover, from then on, no new double-deckers with a pure diesel drivetrain will hit the roads of the British capital.
Electric travel in Cologne: Since Saturday, all buses travelling on the around seven km long line 133 are electric. The eight bendy buses now in service have a range of 90 km, more than first expected, though they won’t travel more than 45 km on one charge. Charging will take place at the first and last stop of the line.
presseportal.de (in German)
PlugSurfing in France: Thanks to a cooperation with Sodetrel, PlugSurfing users are now able to charge at an additional 700 EV chargers in France. Sodetrel has set up the so-called ‘Corri Door,’ a fast-charging network along French motorways that is part of a larger network across 16 countries.
One million EV wish: Masayoshi Son, head of SoftBank, the biggest investor in Uber opponent Ola, wants to offer Ola drivers one million in India produced EVs to use for free. He added that “this is a wish and not a commitment yet,” as local and central governments as well as Ola need to first agree on terms for the project to take off.
PlugSurfing, UK fleets, South Korea, BYD, ViriCiti.
PlugSurfing in Croatia: The Croatian Telekom is now cooperating with the Berlin-based start-up. By the end of July, all 50 of the country’s charger will be included in and made accessible via the PlugSurfing App. Charging will even be free until the end of the year.
The future of electrified fleets: A survey by Sewells Research & Insight for its Fleet Market Report 2016 shows that fleet managers in the UK expect the number of EVs to grow only by an average of 1.5 percent next year and 2.5 percent in 2018. Most expect more range, shorter charging times and points.
Calling all chargers: Led by the country’s environmental ministry and company KT Linkus, South Korea is converting old telephone booths to rapid-chargers. The first nine chargers in Seoul, Daegu and Suncheon will go live today. Another 20 are said to follow every year.
No deal to show for: A few days ago, BYD announced an order for 2,919 electric buses for the city Shenzhen. A large part of the order (2,228 10 metre buses) has now been cancelled. It is not clear why. BYD only talked of a “capacity adjustment” in its announcement to the stock markets.
EV platform: For the international expansion of its online platform for electric buses and trucks, ViriCiti has now collected 700,000 euros. Investors include KLM, TU Delft and the Dutch railway. Moreover, BYD, Proterra and Optera are already part of ViriCiti’s customer base.
Green Motion, Supercharger, BYD, Romania, Washington, PlugSurfing.
Swiss charging network: 1,600 EV charging stations shall stand in Switzerland by 2020 as Green Motion gathers finance and partners for its Evpass network. Mobility, Aldi and McDonald’s and others are on board to provide spaces for the charge spots of which 250 shall be erected already this year with another 1,000 to follow in 2017. The start-up installs its EV charging equipment for free and finances the move through income from licensing its technology to Chinese Zhongding, who plans a charging network in China that could accommodate for 5m electric vehicles.
berneroberlaender.ch (network, in German), nzz.ch (licensing background, in German)
Tesla charges China: The 100th Supercharger has been inaugurated in Beijing and the EV maker used the occasion to announce the Tesla Public Charging Partner Program. It builds on the principle of the destination charger scheme but includes fast-charging as well.
Electric cab fleet: HDT Singapore Taxi has applied to operate an all-electric fleet of 100 cabs, most likely built by BYD, on the city-state’s streets but is waiting for its taxi license. It would suit Singapore’s plans for an EV sharing for which 2,000 charge points have been confirmed.
EV incentives at work: 7,500 Romanians have applied for the EV incentive scheme. The state adds 4,400 euros when buying an electric car and 1,100 for plug-in hybrids. The sum increases by about another 1,000 euros if an old car is scrapped in the process (we reported).
Car expenses: Washington will raise the gas tax by 4.9 cent comes July, thus bringing the surcharge per gallon to 49.4 cent. Any run on EVs that might result from the new taxation could be hampered a little by the simultaneous increase of the annual EV registration fee by 50 dollars to 150 dollars.
Open access charging: PlugSurfing renews its partnership with charging infrastructure provider EV-Box as they implement the Open Charge Point Interface (OCPI), an open standard. The protocol is designed to simplify payments and to enable real-time billing.
PlugSurfing, Mexico, Ottawa, Norway, Nebraska, EV-Box.
PlugSurfing expands into France: PlugSurfing has signed an Interoperable Agreement with French company Sodetrel, adding another 1,600 charging point to its network. The former enables EV drivers to plug in in Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland and Italy, using the same account.
Electric transport in Mexico: 25 electric trolley buses have gone into service in the Mexican city of Guadalajara. They were built by local manufacturer DINA together with Škoda Electric, which delivered all electric components. Final assembly took place in Mexico City.
newstix.de (in German), parlamentnilisty.cz (in Czech)
Shifting burden of proof: The Canadian city of Ottawa wants more electric and hybrid vehicles in its fleets and will oblige staff to buy greener cars. Purchases of petrol- or diesel-powered cars need to be explicitly justified. Moreover, the city is setting up a ‘green fleet fund’ to cover any cost difference.
H2 coalition update: Norwegian companies NEL Fuel AS and Uno-X have formed a joint venture to set up a total of 20 hydrogen filling stations across the country. The hydrogen will be produced on site. The companies had previously signed a letter of intent and are now ready to start a “real, commercial network of hydrogen refuelling stations in Norway.”
Self-driving city: The U.S. city Lincoln, Nebraska, hopes to decide the Smart City Challenge for itself. If successful, it would use the 50m dollars from the Department of Transportation and Vulcan Philanthropy to put 50 autonomous shuttles and 650 self-driving cars on the read in three years. All-electric of course.
EV-Box takes Amsterdam: Infrastructure provider EV-Box has opened a new head quarter in Amsterdam. The city commissioned to company along with Nuon-Heijmans to set up 4,000 EV charging points by 2018 (we reported). Some 1,500 are already in service.
Video Interview: Adam Woolway, PlugSurfing.
PlugSurfing saves users and operators the hassle: When it comes to charging electric vehicles, “there are so many problems that arise because the market has no standard,” says Adam Woolway, Founder and CEO of the company PlugSurfing. The start-up claims to have the answer, delivering a simplified and standardised user-interface, while able to adapt to different charging models, include parking fees and consider special deals via their backend. electrive.com Editor-in-Chief Peter Schwierz spoke Woolway about the company’s challenges and how a simple smartphone app and billing system can be lucrative. Watch the whole interview to find out.
>> watch video on YouTube
>> watch video on Vimeo
PlugSurfing update: The Berlin-based start-up has issued an updated version of its app for both iOS and Android. Apart from the usual charge and pay functionality, design improvements have been made. Furthermore, charging can now be initiated via smartphone.
Rent a Leaf: Hertz’s fleet in Berlin now includes the Nissan Leaf, which can be rented at six locations. Hertz made the decision to test the offer, as the German capital now has 180 charging stations. The hiring service also added the Leaf to selected locations in London recently.
touristik-aktuell.de (in German)
Superchargers go south: Tesla has opened the first Supercharger station in Spain, in the city of Girona. Barcelona thus is in reach and connected to the rest of Europe. The next charger is located in French Narbonne. Another station has been erected in Italian Aosta.
presseportal.de (in German), diariomotor.com (in Spanish)
Nissan is expanding free charging, making its No Charge To Charge programme available in Boston. The East Coast city is the 17th market to join and the Japanese carmaker intends to bring its incentivising scheme to a total of 25 areas in the U.S. before the year’s end.
Siemens, Birmingham, Kyiv, PlugSurfing, XL Hybrids.
Cloud-based home charger: Siemens is currently at the SAE World Congress in Detroit where it presents the VersiCharge Smartgrid. The home charging station is wi-fi enabled and allows users to control EV charging via mobile or web app. Charging can be set for when the rates are at the lowest.
Power-assisted bike-sharing: In Birmingham, Alabama, a bike-sharing will start this fall. At 40 docking stations, 400 bikes by Bewegen (German for to move) await the pedal-willing public. 100 of them are electrically assisted, thus making it the first e-bike sharing in the States, the Canadian company claims.
Electric couriers: Ukrainian Kyiv now has Delfast, a courier service with electric bicycles. The company already employs 30 electric bike messengers that manage about a 100 orders a day with 33 delivery bikes. A super competitive flat rate is at 2 dollars per delivery anywhere within the city’s limit.
Petrol card with app for hybrids: Berlin-based start-up PlugSurfing developed a new app for German fuel card provider DKV. The software points drivers of hybrid vehicles the way to the next charging station and enables them to charge at about 2,000 stations across Germany.
XL Hybrids strikes again, this time in Montgomery County, Maryland, where it retrofitted ten Ford cargo vans with its XL3 hybrid system. The hybrid vans will be used at the County Maintenance Department for plumbers and electricians. Only recently, XL Hybrids made a similar deal in Ohio (we reported).
Philippines, PlugSurfing, Chargemaster, PG&E.
Bid for 3,000 e-trikes: The Philippine’s Department of Energy (DOE) has opened the bidding process for 3,000 electric tricycles through an Asian Development Bank-funded project.
PlugSurfing investor: Cleantech Invest is taking a stake of 3.45 percent in the Berlin-based start-up which connects charging infrastructure providers in five European countries with one app. PlugSurfing intends to use the money to expand internationally.
Chargemaster North is the name of a new Chargemaster business division formed to serve customers in the North East and North West of England, as well as Scotland. Headed by Alexandra Prescott, the operation will be based in Newcastle.
Dancing with the devil? PG&E has installed ten EV charging stations at the Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant in California, another 12 stations are planned. The chargers are part of the utility’s providers plan to eventually install 25,000 such charging stations in California.
Bolloré, Singapore, Laos, Malaysia, PlugSurfing, BYD.
France to be charged up? Bolloré introduces plans to erect 16,000 charge points all across “La Grande Nation” and intends to invest 150 million euros over the next four years.
Read more on electrive.com >>
Electric car sharing in Singapore: The government of the city state has launched the Electro-Mobility Singapore (EMS) task force to explore the viability of a 1,000-EV car sharing and charging infrastructure project. A Request for Information (RFI) is asking for business model proposals.
Laos to be electrified: Laotian city Luang Prabang plans to import 100 electric cars which the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is ready to fund with four million dollars. More trials in other cities of Laos are to follow if the pilot proves to be a success.
Malaysia to recharge: Another three million ringgit (about 860,000 dollars) will be invested next year to erect 300 charging stations in the south-east Asian country. They will join the existing 40 charge points in Malaysia and are in line with the country’s plan to boost the EV uptake (we reported).
Luxembourg added to PlugSurfing: Thanks to a cooperation with Estonteco, the PlugSurfing app now includes 26 charging points in Luxembourg where users can pay via a RFID-enabled key fob. The Berlin-based start-up now connects a total of more than 10,000 charging points across Europe.
BYD in Britain: British private-car service Thriev has ordered another 200 BYD e6. The EVs will add to the existing fleet of 32 e6 with deliveries due to start by April 2015. The London-based firm is now BYD’s biggest oversea partner but the Chinese carmaker has already set eyes on the U.S. market.
AMP, Singapore, Car2go, PlugSurfing & Vattenfall.
AMP deal in Texas: The company is to supply 18 of its all-electric Workhorse E-100 Walk-in vans to a “major transportation company” (our bet is on FedEx). They will be used in Houston for package deliveries in and around the city.
Cutting congestion in Singapore: The city state announced that it will invest 1.5 billion dollars in sustainability over the next five years. One of the projects is adding more public transportation to reduce traffic and offering electric carsharing. They are even planning “driverless vehicles”.
eco-business.com (with video), news.asiaone.com
Is Car2go headed for China? Daimler supposedly plans to introduce its carsharing scheme there, but nothing is under lock and key yet, a Moovel spokesperson told AutoblogGreen. Let’s hope that if Car2go enters the Chinese market, they will be using electric Smarts.
Vattenfall joins PlugSurfing: Following deals with RWE and E.On, the Berlin-based company now also cooperates with Vattenfall. Users can access Vattenfall charge points in Hamburg and Berlin via the PlugSurfing app and pay using the RFID key chain. The same is true for some 10,000 charge points in the Netherlands and another 130 in Austria (we reported).
Amsterdam, Brussels, PlugSurfing, Connecticut, Chargepartner.
Ready, steady, go! 167 Tesla Model S have just taken up taxi services at Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport, making it the biggest electric cab fleet in the world. The programme will run for four years, but might be extended for another eight. Success seems somewhat guaranteed…
gas2.org, youtube.com (Video, in Dutch)
Equally electric is Brussel’s new e-taxi fleet. 34 BYD e6 will go into service in the Belgian capital. The Chinese manufacturer bid successfully against Nissan and Renault and impressed cab companies with a range of up to 300 kilometres.
PlugSurfing to expand further: The app now includes another 130 charge spots in Austria, where PlugSurfing users can charge and pay via RFID keychain. Partner for the Alpine expansion are Electrodrive Salzburg and Wien Energie, both part of Hubject’s intercharge network.
EV promotion in the States: Connecticut’s Department of Energy and Environmental Protection will fund at least 20 more charging stations. Installation is fully paid for if the stations are available to the public 24/7 and free of charge. Jacksonville, Florida, offers rebates of up to 1,000 dollars for both the installation of charge points and the purchase of EVs, following in the steps of i.e. California and Georgia, where incentives can reach 5,000 dollars.
westfaironline.com (Connecticut), ens-newswire.com (other states)
Charging infrastructure software: Chargepartner developed a modular software platform enabling utilities and other businesses to manage charging infrastructure services. The white-label solution facilitates authorisation, management and billing of vehicle charging as well as user management.
Ecosummit: Five electric transport start-ups to look out for.
The Chrystal is Siemens’ showcase smart building located in London’s recently transformed Docklands. It was here that the Ecosummit conference brought together clean tech start-ups, investors and corporations to forecast future challenges and pitch their solutions. While much of the discussions revolved around renewable energy and how to distribute it smartly, the future of transport […]
Nissan, CCS, PlugSurfing, Scotland, PTI Airport, Los Angeles.
No charge to charge goes Germany: Nissan now introduces free of charge charging in Germany where the programme runs under the rather descriptive name ‘Freistrom für alle.’ The Japanese carmaker offers free charging at all its dealerships, regardless of the make, as long users don’t occupy the charging spot longer than necessary and only during opening times. Depending on the outlet, standard sockets, Type 2 or CHAdeMO chargers are available. Dealers are offered financial support to erect more chargers.
presseportal.de (in German)
CCS coverage in Europe: According to ccs-map.eu, there are more than 400 CCS fast chargers available in Europe at the moment, covering one third of the continent. The biggest expansion is seen in the UK while France and Italy are only now starting to charge up.
PlugSurfing expands its coverage: The Berlin-based company now offers access to an additional 10,000 charging points in the Netherlands, including stations from Nuon, Essent, Eneco, ANWB, Greenflux and The New Motion. PlugSurfing describes it as an important step in connection EV infrastructure across Europe.
plugsurfing.com (in Englisch), plugsurfing.com (in Dutch)
Saving ones own: The Scottish Government has ordered a new hybrid ferry from Ferguson Marine Engineering. Without the 12.3-million pound (19.9m dollar) contract, the Scottish ship builder would be threatened with closure. The diesel-hybrid ferry is the third that is built by Ferguson for ferry operator CalMac and is set to enter service in late 2016.
Charge and fly: Piedmont Triad International Airport in North Carolina now has installed four charge points. This makes it the only airport offering EV charging in the region. Rejoicing the electric car is for free while parking fees still apply.
Campus charging: The California State University Los Angeles now has a total of 15 EV charging points on its campus. The start of the project dates back to 2010 and has recently received a grant from the Department of Energy to fund more stations.
Hong Kong, Warsaw, PlugSurfing, Cadillac, ChargePoint.
Electric van testing: Hong Kong District Cooling Company Limited (HKDC), a Veolia subsidiary, has begun field-testing the Nissan e-NV200 at Kai Tak Development (KTD) in Hong Kong. The electric van will serve under real life conditions and will be utilised for both developed areas and those under construction.
Poland plans electric car sharing: The city of Warsaw is about to publish a tender for a carsharing system that is expected to see at least 300 electric or hybrid vehicles. Already Daimler as well as Fiat have expressed their interest. Meanwhile, Wrocław will introduce a car sharing called GoGet next year – if electric is not yet clear.
PlugSurfing extended: Users of the PlugSurfing app now have access to charge points of two more providers. Apart from E.On, which is responsible for the fast chargers along the German Autobahn A9, users can now plug and pay at Ebee stations in Berlin.
A free charging station is the latest lure Cadillac came up with to win over buyers for the ELR, this time in Canada. There, as in the U.S., every new owner of the luxury volt gets a complimentary 240-V home charger by Bosch, including installation.
On-campus charging: ChargePoint says it has installed 1,134 charge points on university and college campus so far. This number was increased from 838 last year, right in time for the beginning of the new academic year. With 38 spots, the University of California at Davis is the most accommodating for electric vehicles.